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Why do you dance? Development of the Dance Motivation Inventory (DMI)

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Archívum: MTA Könyvtár
Gyűjtemény: Status = Published

Type = Article
Why do you dance? Development of the Dance Motivation Inventory (DMI)
Maráz, Anikó
Király, Orsolya
Urbán, Róbert
Griffiths, Mark D.
Demetrovics, Zsolt
BF Psychology / lélektan
Tartalmi leírás:
Dancing is a popular form of physical exercise and studies have show that dancing can decrease anxiety, increase self-esteem, and improve psychological wellbeing. The aim of the current study was to explore the motivational basis of recreational social dancing and develop a new psychometric instrument to assess dancing motivation. The sample comprised 447 salsa and/or ballroom dancers (68% female; mean age 32.8 years) who completed an online survey. Eight motivational factors were identified via exploratory factor analysis and
comprise a new Dance Motivation Inventory: Fitness, Mood Enhancement, Intimacy, Socialising, Trance, Mastery, Self-confidence and Escapism. Mood Enhancement was the
strongest motivational factor for both males and females, although motives differed according to gender. Dancing intensity was predicted by three motivational factors: Mood Enhancement, Socialising, and Escapism. The eight dimensions identified cover possible motives for social recreational dancing, and the DMI proved to be a suitable measurement tool to assess these motives. The explored motives such as Mood Enhancement, Socialising and Escapism appear to be similar to those identified in other forms of behaviour such as drinking alcohol, exercise, gambling, and gaming.
Maráz, Anikó and Király, Orsolya and Urbán, Róbert and Griffiths, Mark D. and Demetrovics, Zsolt (2015) Why do you dance? Development of the Dance Motivation Inventory (DMI). PLoS ONE. ISSN 1932-6203