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Preparation interval and cue utilization in the prevention of distraction

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Archívum: MTA Könyvtár
Gyűjtemény: Status = Published

Type = Article
Preparation interval and cue utilization in the prevention of distraction
Horváth, János
BF Psychology / lélektan
BF01 Psychophysiology / pszichofiziológia
BF09 Sensation / észlelés, érzékelés
BF12 Attention / figyelem
Tartalmi leírás:
Maintaining a selective attention set allows us to efficiently perform sensory tasks despite the multitude of concurrent sensory stimuli. Unpredictably occurring, rare events nonetheless capture our attention, that is, we get distracted. The present study investigated the efficiency of control over distraction as a function of preparation time available before a forthcoming distracter. A random sequence of short and long tones (100 or 200 ms with 50?50 % probability) was presented. Independently from tone duration, occasionally (13.3 % of the time), the pitch of a tone was changed. Such rare pitch variants (distracters) usually lead to delayed and less precise discrimination responses, and trigger a characteristic series of event-related potentials (ERPs) reflecting the stages of distraction-related processing: starting with negative ERPs signaling the sensory registration of the distracter; a P3a?usually interpreted as a reflection of involuntary attention change and finally the so-called reorienting negativity signaling the restoration of the task-optimal attention set. In separate conditions, 663 or 346 ms before each tone (long or short cue-tone interval), a visual cue was presented, which signaled whether the forthcoming tone was a distracter (rare pitch variant), with 80 % validity. As reflected by reduced reaction time delays and P3a amplitudes, valid cues led to the prevention of distraction, but only in the long cue-tone interval condition. The analyses of the cue-related P3b and contingent negative variation showed that participants made more effort to utilize cue information to prevent distraction in the long cue-tone than in the short cue-tone interval condition.
Horváth, János (2013) Preparation interval and cue utilization in the prevention of distraction. Experimental Brain Research, 231 (2). pp. 179-190. ISSN 0014-4819