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???? és társadalometika

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Archívum: MTA Könyvtár
Gyűjtemény: Status = Published

Type = Thesis
???? és társadalometika
Háberman, Zoltán
B1 Philosophy (General) / filozófia általában
BF Psychology / lélektan
BJ Ethics / erkölcstan
BL Religion / vallás
BM Judaism / zsidóság
HS Societies secret benevolent etc / szociális szervezetek, mozgalmak, egyesületek
HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare / szociálpatológia, segélyezés
Tartalmi leírás:
The aim of the research presented in the thesis is to interpret the concept of ???? as Jewish
social ethics. Judaism is determined by its social ethics, which, in turn, is the set of principles
of ???? . The main objective of the research is to analyse the diverse aspects of Jewish social
ethics. Thus, it is our conviction that the ethical principles of Judaism were present at the
dawn of the development of Western civilization and had their influence on it, an influence
perceivable in the present as well. The dissertation, first of all, attempts to put the rather
archaic terminology of ???? in a scientific context. Therefore, in our research, we have
identified the social-ethical, sociological and historical approaches by means of which we can
interpret ???? as a systemic expression of Judaism. Consequently, the dissertation, in the first
place, aims to demonstrate what ???? means as social ethics.
We have examined Jewish community life through characteristic precedents of medieval
?????? texts from the Carpathian basin containing social-ethical aspects. In the course of the
research process, we have tried to verify the principle of love in Judaism. For the socialethical
principles have always impregnated Jewish history, i.e. the Jewish ?societas? of all
times. This is what is reflected by the ????? ethical aspects of the regulations of the Jewish
community of medieval Pressburg/Pozsony, so far unpublished in Hungarian. Jewish
communities always responded with ethical solutions to the persecutions, the miserable
circumstances, or the crises of the Middle Ages.
Hopefully, as a result of our research, the previously known texts of Jewish science of
religion will also appear in a new light. It is a fact that in one of the 11th century records of
the Jewish community of the Carpathian basin, there is written evidence of the existence of a
???? fund in the Esztergom community. To our knowledge, this document demonstrates for
the first time that the first institutionalized social assistance redistribution system in the
Carpathian basin was created in a Jewish community. At the same time, the thesis also aspires
to shed light on the fact that despite the dispersion, the continuous physical persecutions, the
attempts at liquidation, or the pogroms, the ????? could only survive due to the existing and
pulsating social-ethical principles. We consider that with this, the dissertation introduces a
relatively neglected aspect in the social science discourse of Judaism.
We have chosen the concept of Judaism and social ethics of the Hungarian Neology at the
turn of the 20th century as our objects of study. The plausibility of the questions raised in the
dissertation are manifest in the activities of the Pest Israelite Community around the turn of
the 20th century (fin du siécle). The PIC was the richest and most significant organized
Jewish community worldwide, both as far as number of members and material aspects are
Part of the dissertation is a discourse analysis of interpretations of social ethics by
contemporary North American Orthodox and Liberal branches of Judaism. Applying an
expressly human geographic approach and focusing fundamentally on the local communities
of the United States, we have performed a discourse analysis of the communities in question
from a social-ethical perspective.
In our dissertation, we represent the concept that Judaism is a religion aimed at bettering
humanity, i.e. the world. In our opinion, this fundamental principle of faith is a substantial
principle of Judaism. The purpose of the thesis, in the end, is to demonstrate this basic ethical
principle of Judaism with the help of the science of religion. We consider that monotheism
and the unequivocal and consistent principle of making the world a better place constitute the
non-branch-specific and eternal differentia specifica of Judaism.
Háberman, Zoltán (2012) ???? és társadalometika. PhD thesis, Országos Rabbiképz?-Zsidó Egyetem.